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© Roman Hense - Fotolia.com
A new study led by a UC San Francisco sleep researcher supports what parents have been saying for centuries: to avoid getting sick, be sure to get enough sleep. The team, which included researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, found that people who sleep six hours a night or less are four times more likely to catch a cold when exposed to the virus, compared to those who spend more than seven hours a night in slumber land. [more...]
 

Nine potentially modifiable risk factors may contribute to up to two thirds of Alzheimer's disease cases worldwide, suggests an analysis of the available evidence, published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. [more...]
 

A favorable error climate can support learning from errors and hence foster learning progress. Dres Gabriele Steuer and Markus Dressel investigated the factor structure of classroom´s error climate and explored different error climate patterns. The study appeared in "Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling" (formerly Psychologische Beiträge) 2-2015. [more...]
 

People have more difficulty recalling the string of letters BIC, IAJ, FKI, RSU and SAF than FBI, CIA, JFK, IRS and USA... (whole caption see text)
People have more difficulty recalling the string of letters BIC, IAJ, FKI, RSU and SAF than FBI, CIA, JFK, IRS and USA. The well-established reason is that the amount of information we can hold in our short-term or working memory is affected by whether the information can be "chunked" into larger units. [more...]
 

© adimas - Fotolia.com
Recent Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigations into the neurobiology underlying the effects of general anesthesia have begun to reveal the ways different anesthetic agents alter specific aspects of the brain's electrical signals, reflected by EEG (electroencephalogram) signatures. While those studies have provided information that may lead to improved techniques for monitoring the consciousness of patients receiving general anesthesia, until now they have been conducted in relatively young adult patients. Now a series of papers from MGH researchers is detailing the differences in the way common anesthetics affect the brains of older patients and children, findings that could lead to ways of improving monitoring technology and the safety of general anesthesia for such patients. [more...]
 

People with dementia are commonly prescribed complex medication regimes, possibly containing both physical and psychotropic medication for the underlying disease and also other longterm conditions. Medication errors are frequent. The polypharmacy increases the risk of medication-related adverse events, which are associated with many hospital admissions and deaths, Ian Maidment and colleagues report (in: "Dementia Care Research - Scientific Evidende, Current Issues, Future Perspectives"). [more...]
 

Horst C. Vollmar and colleagues report very low detection and recognition rates of dementia in General Practice settings. "Therapeutic actions and psychosocial supply have been found to be rarely considered and offered to patients and caregivers by General Practitioners", the scientists notice in the textbook "Dementia Care Research". [more...]
 

Dialysis: Infections are the second most common cause of death among patients with end-stage renal disease. They can be reduced by applying focused and comprehensive hygienic working routines in handling of vascular access. [more...]
 

© stefan_weis - Fotolia.com
More than one in ten complaints of sexual harassment at work are reported by men, a QUT study has found. According to the research, conducted by Professor Paula McDonald from the QUT Business School and Professor Sara Charlesworth from RMIT, women were accused of sexually harassing men in 5 per cent of cases and men accused other men in 11 per cent of cases. [more...]
 
Previous studies have shown that men find female faces more attractive when the women are ovulating, but the visual clues that allow this are unclear. Now, new research investigating whether it might be to do with subtle changes in skin colour has shown that women's faces do increase in redness during ovulation, but the levels of change are just under the detectable range of the human eye. [more...]
 
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