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Road crashes are the world's leading cause of preventable death and injury in people under 35, accounting for around 5 million casualties every year. Repeat offenders make a disproportionate contribution to these statistics -- and are known for their poor response to education and prevention efforts. But a better understanding of the subconscious and emotional processes of high-risk drivers could make a difference, according to new research from McGill University. [more...]
 

Katerina Johnson, a doctoral student in the University's Department of Experimental Psychology, was studying whether differences in our neurobiology may help explain why some of us have larger social networks than others. She said: 'I was particularly interested in a chemical in the brain called endorphin. Endorphins are part of our pain and pleasure circuitry -- they're our body's natural painkillers and also give us feelings of pleasure. Previous studies have suggested that endorphins promote social bonding in both humans and other animals. One theory, known as 'the brain opioid theory of social attachment', is that social interactions trigger positive emotions when endorphin binds to opioid receptors in the brain. This gives us that feel-good factor that we get from seeing our friends. [more...]
 

The prevalence of autoimmune diseases in the population - 3 to 5% - underlines the importance of autoantibody diagnostics in the public health sector. Autoimmune thyroid diseases are currently considered to be the most common autoimmune diseases, followed by rheumathoid arthritis, antiphospholipid syndrome and autoimmune liver diseases. New developments in diagnostics required an updated, 3rd edition of the diagnostic reference "Autoantibodies in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases". [more...]
 

E-health tools contribute to work with drug users. Cristina Vale Pires and colleagues analysed the most common strategies used by netreach work to address the needs of drug users: Information provision, online drug self-assessment tests, drug testing, user-led forums, DoctorX, Apps. (Publication in the new handbook "Between street and screen - Traditions and innovations in the drugs field") [more...]
 

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Prehistoric humans may have developed social norms that favour monogamy and punish polygamy thanks to the presence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and peer pressure, according to new research from the University of Waterloo in Canada. [more...]
 

Neo-shamanism: Drug mysticism is a cultural theme associated with social drug use. Professor Dr. Alfred Springer (Vienna) explored new discourse and practice in sacramental drug use and the practice of achieving ecstasy. [more...]
 

"Social and Auditory Intelligence are promising constructs that have not to be subsumed under the label of inflationary constructs. The unique components of the constructs, social understanding, nonverbal auditory intelligence, and auditory social/ emotion perception are narrower than expected," Dr. Kristin Seidel emphasizes in her study "Assessment of Social and Auditory Intelligence - New Perspectives and Approaches". [more...]
 
Men are less likely than women to go to the doctor, more likely to choose a male doctor when they do go, but less likely to be honest with that doctor about their symptoms, Rutgers psychologists have found. The researchers believe this may contribute to men's dying earlier than women. [more...]
 

© 7activestudio - Fotolia.com
The BK polyomavirus often causes complications after kidney transplantation. The research group of Professor Hans H. Hirsch from the Department of Biomedicine at the University of Basel has now been able to show, that the immunosuppressive drug Tacrolimus directly activates the replication of the virus and could thus be responsible for these complications. The American Journal of Transplantation has published the study. [more...]
 

© Helix2012 - Fotolia.com
Over 17,000 eight-year-old children in 16 countries on four continents were asked about their experiences and their views on their lives. No survey of this age group has ever before been undertaken. The second report on the “Children's Worlds” study, which was published recently, reveals important results which can be used to improve children’s lives throughout the whole world. The Jacobs Foundation in Zurich financed the research work on which this report is based and has announced that it will also support the next stage. The new survey of children of between eight and twelve years of age will begin in 2017 and again cover an even larger number of countries. [more...]
 
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S. Schmidt, D. Knuth (Eds.): iSAR+ New Media in Crisis Situations





K. Conrad, W. Schößler, F. Hiepe, M.J. Fritzler: Autoantibodies in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases – A Diagnostic Reference. 3rd Edition





C. Boccato, D. Evans, R. Lucena, J. Vienken: Water and Dialysis Fluids – A Quality Management Guide





S. Schmidt, M. Vos (Eds.): BEHAVIOR AND COMMUNICATION IN CBRN CRISIS
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W. Weimar, M.A. Bos, J.J.V. Busschbach (Eds.): Ethical, Legal, and Psychosocial Aspects of Transplantation – Global Issues, Local Solutions
>> eBook: www.ciando.com





R. Bambauer, R. Latza, R. Schiel: Therapeutic Plasma Exchange and Selective Plasma Separation Methods, 4th Edition 2013
>> eBook: www.ciando.com





Infection, Tumors and Autoimmunity, by K. Conrad et al. (Eds.)
>> eBook available at www.ciando.com or www.doccheck.com





The EULOD Project Living Organ Donation in Europe – Results and Recommendations, by Ambagtsheer, F.; Weimar, W. (Eds.)





Public Engagement in Organ Donation and Transplantation (from the ELPAT Public Issues Working Group), by Randhawa, Gurch; Schicktanz, Silke (Eds.)





The General Practice Guide to Autoimmune Diseases, by Y. Shoenfeld, P.L. Meroni (Eds.)





How to Write and Evaluate Psychological Reports, by Westhoff, Karl; Kluck, Marie-Luise





Task-Analysis-Tools (TAToo) – Step-by-Step Support for Successful Job and Work Analysis, by Koch, Anna; Westhoff, Karl





Markets, methods and messages. Dynamics in European drug research, by Fountain, Jane; Asmussen Frank, Vibeke; Korf, Dirk J (Eds.)





Hypertension and Cardiovascular Aspects of Dialysis Treatment, by Branko Braam, Kailash Jindal, Evert J. Dorhout Mees



 

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