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We're more likely to punish wrongdoing as a third party to a non-violent offense than when we're victimized by it, according to a new study by New York University psychology researchers. The findings, which appear in the journal Nature Communications, may offer insights into how juries differ from plaintiffs in seeking to restore justice. [more...]
 

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Financial experts do not make higher returns on their own investments than untrained investors, according to research by a Michigan State University business scholar. [more...]
 

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Politics can have unintentional evolutionary consequences that may cause hastily issued policies to cascade into global, multigenerational problems, according to political scientists. [more...]
 

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The prevalence of kidney disease is increasing significantly. This is due, on the one hand, to demographic trends – people are becoming older and loss of renal function is a symptom of old age. Yet demographic trends alone do not explain the steep upward trend in chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD is frequently a direct sequela of hypertension and diabetes – diseases whose incidence in recent years has increased dramatically and whose incidence cannot be estimated in full due to the large number of unreported cases. These diseases result years later in chronic renal failure, especially when they are insufficiently treated or not treated at all. This means that the increase in CKD may be considered the immediate consequence of the growing number of diabetics and hypertension patients. The discomforting aspect here is that we must fear that this is just the tip of the iceberg. [more...]
 

Israelis' attribution of love and hate to Israelis and Palestinians
What makes human conflict intractable – and how can psychological research resolve historic disagreements? A new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academic of Sciences by a team of researchers from The New School for Social Research, Northwestern University and Boston College demonstrates how seemingly unsolvable political and ethnic conflicts are fueled by asymmetrical perceptions of opponents’ motivations – and that these tensions can be relieved by providing financial incentives to better understand what drives an adversary group. [more...]
 

Workers punching in for the graveyard shift may be better off not eating high-iron foods at night so they don't disrupt the circadian clock in their livers. Disrupted circadian clocks, researchers believe, are the reason that shift workers experience higher incidences of type 2 diabetes, obesity and cancer. The body's primary circadian clock, which regulates sleep and eating, is in the brain. But other body tissues also have circadian clocks, including the liver, which regulates blood glucose levels. [more...]
 
In a world of matinee idols and cover girls it's easy to assume that humans want their men to be manly and their women womanly. But a groundbreaking new study suggests that, rather than being a preference passed down through a long process of social and sexual selection, it's a relatively new habit that has only emerged in modern, urbanised societies. [more...]
 

A shortterm exercise program consisting of mobilizing and coordinative movements has a positive influence on the performance of concentration. The correlation between performance of concentration and alpha-power assumes an influence of acute exercise on cognition, Andrea Geipel (Technical University Munich) reports. [more...]
 

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Physical exercise in old age can improve brain perfusion as well as certain memory skills. This is the finding of Magdeburg neuroscientists who studied men and women aged between 60 and 77. In younger individuals regular training on a treadmill tended to improve cerebral blood flow and visual memory. However, trial participants who were older than 70 years of age tended to show no benefit of exercise. Thus, the study also indicates that the benefits of exercise may be limited by advancing age. [more...]
 

Longevity is no longer today´s concern; rather, it is the quality of life of the aging, Professor Eva Sandis (Fordham University/USA) notes. She examined world population trends among the elderly, their impact on family structures and functions - and the implications for social policy. [more...]
 
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W. Weimar, M.A. Bos, J.J.V. Busschbach (Eds.): Ethical, Legal, and Psychosocial Aspects of Transplantation – Global Issues, Local Solutions
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R. Bambauer, R. Latza, R. Schiel: Therapeutic Plasma Exchange and Selective Plasma Separation Methods, 4th Edition 2013
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Infection, Tumors and Autoimmunity, by K. Conrad et al. (Eds.)
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The EULOD Project Living Organ Donation in Europe – Results and Recommendations, by Ambagtsheer, F.; Weimar, W. (Eds.)





Public Engagement in Organ Donation and Transplantation (from the ELPAT Public Issues Working Group), by Randhawa, Gurch; Schicktanz, Silke (Eds.)





The General Practice Guide to Autoimmune Diseases, by Y. Shoenfeld, P.L. Meroni (Eds.)





How to Write and Evaluate Psychological Reports, by Westhoff, Karl; Kluck, Marie-Luise





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