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Excessive internet use contributes to the development of school burnout. School burnout, in turn, may lead to excessive internet use or digital addiction. Mind the Gap, a longitudinal research project funded by the Academy of Finland, has established a link between digital addiction and school burnout in both comprehensive school and upper secondary school students. The results of the Finnish study were published in May 2016 in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence. [more...]
 

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After a kidney transplant, women may experience decreased kidney damage from ischemia reperfusion injury compared to men due to the impact of gender-specific hormones, suggests a new preclinical study and an analysis of patient data published online in the Journal of Clinical Investigation from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. [more...]
 

Nephrology: Dialysis water free of bacterial contamination and void of chemical contaminants is of paramount importance, and continuous actions should be taken to improve and maintain its status. Dialysis water purity requirements have evolved over the time to satisfy new therapeutic objectives in the renal replacement therapy. The new textbook "Water and Dialysis Fluids" provides medical rationale supporting the use of high grade water and dialysis fluid purity, several engineering water treatment options, water delivery and filtering systems, monitoring and quality control assurance process, maintenance of water treatment system and regulatory aspects. [more...]
 

Chemical structure of antidepressant metabolite. A team of NIH intramural scientists and grantees traced ketamine’s rapid antidepressant effects to activation of AMPA receptors by a byproduct of its chemical breakdown called (2R,6R)-HNK (above) – a different mechanism than had been previously assumed. (Source: NCATS)
A chemical byproduct, or metabolite, created as the body breaks down ketamine likely holds the secret to its rapid antidepressant action, National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientists and grantees have discovered. This metabolite singularly reversed depression-like behaviors in mice without triggering any of the anesthetic, dissociative, or addictive side effects associated with ketamine. [more...]
 

Advantages of educational hypertext: The high degree of freedom of the users to arrange the reading sequence in hypertext themselves ultimately results in active knowledge acquisition. However, it also contains the risk of getting lost in the text, Anja Neumann and colleagues note in their study "Recommendations for text composition and navigation aids". [more...]
 

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Analyzing medical death rate data over an eight-year period, Johns Hopkins patient safety experts have calculated that more than 250,000 deaths per year are due to medical error in the U.S. Their figure, published May 3 in The BMJ, surpasses the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) third leading cause of death -- respiratory disease, which kills close to 150,000 people per year. [more...]
 

Interviewing for a new job is filled with uncertainty, and that uncertainty fuels stress. There’s the uncertainty associated with preparing for the interview — what questions will they ask me? What should I put in my portfolio? And then there’s the ambiguity when you’re left to stew. Did I get the job? Or did someone else? [more...]
 

An artistic interpretation of confidence in decision making. The decision hinges on confidence. The player has a feeling of self-confidence, but also his odds can be evaluated objectively based on the cards in his hand. The processes for computing both forms of confidence are more similar than previously thought. (Julia Kuhl)
Human brains are constantly processing data to make statistical assessments that translate into the feeling we call confidence, according to a study published May 4, 2016 in Neuron. This feeling of confidence is central to decision making and, despite ample evidence of human fallibility, the subjective feeling relies on objective calculations. "The feeling ultimately relies on the same statistical computations a computer would make," says Adam Kepecs, professor of neuroscience at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and lead author of the study. [more...]
 

Fatigue is the most prevalent and distressing symptom related to cancer and its treatment affecting functioning and quality of life. The National Cancer Institute´s Clinical Trials Planning Meeting adopted the PROMIS Fatigue Measure as the standard to use clinical trials. Bryce B. Reeve et al. evaluated the psychometric properties of PROMIS and reported the results in "Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling": [more...]
 

Road crashes are the world's leading cause of preventable death and injury in people under 35, accounting for around 5 million casualties every year. Repeat offenders make a disproportionate contribution to these statistics -- and are known for their poor response to education and prevention efforts. But a better understanding of the subconscious and emotional processes of high-risk drivers could make a difference, according to new research from McGill University. [more...]
 
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K. Conrad, W. Schößler, F. Hiepe, M.J. Fritzler: Autoantibodies in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases – A Diagnostic Reference. 3rd Edition





C. Boccato, D. Evans, R. Lucena, J. Vienken: Water and Dialysis Fluids – A Quality Management Guide





S. Schmidt, M. Vos (Eds.): BEHAVIOR AND COMMUNICATION IN CBRN CRISIS
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W. Weimar, M.A. Bos, J.J.V. Busschbach (Eds.): Ethical, Legal, and Psychosocial Aspects of Transplantation – Global Issues, Local Solutions
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R. Bambauer, R. Latza, R. Schiel: Therapeutic Plasma Exchange and Selective Plasma Separation Methods, 4th Edition 2013
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Infection, Tumors and Autoimmunity, by K. Conrad et al. (Eds.)
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The EULOD Project Living Organ Donation in Europe – Results and Recommendations, by Ambagtsheer, F.; Weimar, W. (Eds.)





Public Engagement in Organ Donation and Transplantation (from the ELPAT Public Issues Working Group), by Randhawa, Gurch; Schicktanz, Silke (Eds.)





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