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Cluttered and chaotic environments can cause stress, which can lead us to grab more of the indulgent snacks -- twice as many cookies according to this new study! (Daniel Miller)
Cluttered and chaotic environments can cause stress, which can lead us to grab more of the indulgent snacks -- twice as many cookies according to this new study! [more...]
 

© adimas - Fotolia.com
A new study by Neil Harrison and colleagues published in Biological Psychiatry suggests that a brain reward center, the striatum, may be directly affected by inflammation and that striatal change is related to the emergence of illness behaviors. [more...]
 

Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling provides in a special issue a comprehensive overview of current approaches to analyze large scale assessment data and brings together different aspects of it. Guest Editors are Prof. Dr. Steffi Pohl (Freie Universität Berlin) and Dr. Christian Assmann (Otto Friedrich Universität Bamberg). [more...]
 

Prairie voles consoling. This material relates to a paper that appeared in the Jan. 22, 2016 issue of Science, published by AAAS. The paper, by James Burkett at Emory University in Atlanta, GA, and colleagues was titled, "Oxytocin-dependent consolation behavior in rodents." (Zack Johnson)
A new study reveals that prairie voles console loved ones who are feeling stressed - and it appears that the infamous "love hormone," oxytocin, is the underlying mechanism. Until now, consolation behavior has only been documented in a few nonhuman species with high levels of sociality and cognition, such as elephants, dolphins and dogs. Prairie voles are particularly social rodents, causing them to be the focus of many studies. This led James Burkett and colleagues to explore their potential for empathy-motivated behaviors. [more...]
 

Results from a new clinical trial show that a specialized oral nutrition supplement was associated with a 50 percent lower death rate in older malnourished patients with a heart or lung disease 90 days following hospitalization. The study, published online today in Clinical Nutrition and supported by Abbott, estimated that within this population one life could be saved for every 21 patients who received the specialized nutrition supplement, demonstrating it as a highly effective therapy. [more...]
 

© Sebastian Kaulitzki - Fotolia.com
One in ten patients is at risk of having new post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to their ICU experience up to a year post-discharge. This was the finding from a multicenter, prospective cohort research study of veterans and civilians. The research was published online ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. [more...]
 

More than 90% of renal transplants in Iran are from living unrelated donors: "Transactions between donors and recipients in Iran are mostly commercial - with financial conflicts occuring. The ineffective commercial transplantation programme has been against the interests of the Iranian kidney patients by eliminating the altruistic and related donor transplantation and preventing the establishment of a cadaveric programme," Javaad Zargooshi (Kermanshah/Iran) reports (in: W. Weimar et al. Organ Transplantation - Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects). [more...]
 

© arsdigital - Fotolia.com
So far, it has been estimated that about 10% of the population in Europe is affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD). “It was quite surprising for us to learn that CKD prevalence varies a lot across European countries”, explains Prof. Dr. Kitty Jager, epidemiologist and managing director of the ERA-EDTA Registry. The working group around Dr. Katharina Brück from the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam performed an analysis of 19 general population studies from 13 different European countries. [more...]
 

© Sebastian Kaulitzki - Fotolia.com
LSD is known to cause changes in consciousness, including "ego-dissolution", or a loss of the sense of self. Despite a detailed knowledge of the action of LSD at specific serotonin receptors, it has not been understood how this these pharmacological effects can translate into such a profound effect on consciousness Today, a new report presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology in Hollywood, Florida, provides evidence to show that LSD reduces connectivity within brain networks, or the extent to which nerve cells or neurons within a network fire in synchrony. LSD also seems to reduce the extent to which separate brain networks remain distinct in their patterns or synchronization of firing. Overall, LSD interferes with the patterns of activation in the different brain networks that underlie human thought and behavior. [more...]
 

Quality of life for people with dementia living in long-term care is often negatively impacted due to low levels of activity participation. Furthermore, staff and families remain pessimistic about the abilities of the person with dementia to be engaged. These are among the findings of a large-scale national study on the quality of life of people with dementia in residential aged care undertaken by the Dementia Collaborative Research Centre and Griffith University. [more...]
 
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